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Four Great Inventions of Ancient China
Kids -- 1610

Four Great Inventions of Ancient China

中国古代四大发明

    中国古代的“四大发明”,同学们都能说出来吗?这“四大发明”指的是:指南针、火药、造纸术和印刷术。它们是中国古代劳动人民的智慧结晶,同时也对世界的人类生活产生了很大的影响。下面我们就来一起认识一下吧!

Some of the world’s greatest inventions(发明) came from China. In the Middle Ages(中世纪), many Chinese inventions were carried along the Silk Road (丝绸之路)to Europe(欧洲), and some had a great impact(影响).

Compass(指南针)

Compasses were first used in town planning to make sure that new houses faced in a direction(方向) that was in harmony with(与……融洽相处) nature. Later, the compass was used for navigation(航海) at sea.

 

Gunpowder(火药)

The Chinese discovered(发现) gunpowder in the 8th century while they were carrying out experiments(实验) to find the elixir(长生不老药) of life. By the 10th century, gunpowder was being used to make fireworks(烟火) and weapons(武器).

 

Paper-making

Paper-making was perfected in China in A.D.(公元) 105 by Cai Lun. The first paper was made from silk rags(破布), but later other materials(材质) were used, such as bamboo(竹子), hemp(大麻类植物), and mulberry bark(桑树树皮).

 

Printing (Movable Type)(活字印刷术)

From the 9th century onwards(在前面), the Chinese printed books from large wooden blocks(积木). By the end of the Tang dynasty(朝代), bookshops were trading(贸易) in every Chinese city. Movable type was invented by a printer called Bi Sheng in the Song dynasty, but because at least 80, 000 separate (单独的)type symbols(符号) were needed, it did not entirely replace(代替) block printing.

世界上一些最伟大的发明来自中国。在中世纪,中国的很多发明通过丝绸之路传到欧洲,其中有一部分产生了巨大的影响力。

指南针

指南针最初应用于城镇规划,用来确保新房子的方位与自然相协调。后来,指南针被用于航海活动。

火药

在公元八世纪,中国人在研制长生不老药时发现了火药。到了公元十世纪时,火药被用于制造烟花和武器。

造纸术

公元105年,蔡伦改进了造纸术。最初的纸由丝绸碎布做成,后来使用了其他的材质,例如竹、麻和桑树树皮。

活字印刷术

从公元九世纪开始,中国人用大片的木板(雕版)印刷书籍。唐朝末期,中国的每个城市都有书店在经营。宋朝时期,一个叫毕昇的印刷匠发明了活字印刷术,但由于活字印刷需要至少八万个独立的字符,所以它在当时并没能完全取代雕版印刷。

 

 

 

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