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Halloween Night
Kids -- 1610
Halloween Night

万圣夜狂欢

大家普遍认为1031是万圣节,实际上这并不完全正确。更确切地说,1031的晚上是万圣节前夜(The Eve of All Hallows)或是万圣节之夜(The Eve of All Saints’ Day),因为111是天下圣徒之日(All Hallows’ Day),后来为了方便,逐渐演变成万圣节(Halloween)。万圣节是西方国家的传统节日,节日之夜是一年中最“闹鬼”的一夜,所以也叫“鬼节”。万圣节是小朋友们非常喜欢的节日,我们来了解一下这个节日的一些情况吧!

                     by CC

 

The Origin of Halloween

Halloween is a holiday celebrated on October 31. It originated as a celebration connected with evil spirits. By tradition, Halloween begins after sunset. Long ago, people believed that witches gathered together and ghosts roamed the world on Halloween. Today, most people no longer believe in ghosts and witches. But these supernatural beings are still a part of Halloween.

 

The Colours of Halloween

Black and orange are the traditional Halloween colours. Black is a symbol for night and orange is the colour of pumpkins.

 

Dressing Up in Costumes

Dressing up in costumes is one of the most popular Halloween customs, especially among children. According to tradition, people would dress up in costumes (wear special clothing, masks or disguises) to frighten the spirits away. Popular Halloween costumes include vampires, ghosts and werewolves. People may celebrate the holiday by watching horror films, holding costume parties or creating haunted houses or graveyards.

 

Trick or Treating

Many children dress up in fancy costumes and visit other homes in the neighbourhood. At each house, they demand sweets, snacks or a small gift. If they do not get this, they threaten to do some harm to the inhabitants of the house. This is known as playing “trick-or-treat” and is supposed to happen in a friendly way, with no nasty or mean tricks being carried out. 

 

Halloween Decorations

Children like to make Halloween decorations, with all kinds of orange paper Jack o Lanterns. And from black paper you can also cut “scary” designs—an evil witch with a pointed hat riding through the sky on a broomstick, maybe with black bats flying across the moon, and that means bad luck. And of course you can add some black cats for more bad luck. Sometimes a black cat would ride away into the sky on the back of the witch’s broom.

 

Legend of the Jack o’ Lantern

Carving pumpkins into Jack o Lanterns is a Halloween custom dating back to Ireland. It is made by placing a candle inside a hollowed-out pumpkin, which is carved to look like a face. The legend was about an Irishman named Jack who was not allowed into Heaven, after he died because he was stingy with his money. He couldn’t enter hell either because he had played jokes on the devil. As a result, Jack had to walk on the earth with his lantern until Judgement Day. So Jack and his lantern became the symbol of a lost or damned soul. To scare these souls away on Halloween, the Irish people carved scary faces out of turnips, beets or potatoes representing Jack of the Lantern, or Jack o Lantern. When the Irish brought their customs to the United States, they carved faces on pumpkins because in the autumn they were more plentiful than turnips.

 

万圣节的起源

万圣节前夜是在1031庆祝的一个节日,起源于与邪恶幽灵有关的庆祝活动。根据传统,万圣节前夜的庆祝活动从太阳落山后开始。在很久以前,人们相信在万圣节前夜女巫会聚集在一起,鬼魂则四处游荡。如今,大多数人不再相信有鬼魂和女巫的存在,但是这些超自然的东西仍然是万圣节前夜的一部分。

万圣节的颜色

黑色和橘黄色是传统的万圣节颜色,黑色是夜晚的象征,而橘黄色是南瓜的颜色。

盛装打扮

盛装打扮是最受欢迎的万圣节风俗之一,尤其受到孩子们的喜爱。按照传统习俗,人们会盛装打扮(穿戴一些特殊的服饰、面具或者装饰)来吓跑鬼魂。流行的万圣节服装包括吸血鬼、鬼魂和狼人。人们会通过看恐怖电影、开化装舞会或制造鬼屋或坟墓来庆祝该节日。

不给糖就捣蛋

很多孩子穿着奇装异服去拜访他们的邻居。每到一处房子,他们讨取糖果、零食或小礼物。如果得不到这些,他们就威胁屋主会对他们大搞恶作剧。这就是众所周知的“不给糖就捣蛋”的把戏,这种玩笑应是以友好的方式进行,而不是令人讨厌的卑鄙恶作剧。

万圣节装饰品

孩子们喜欢制作万圣节的装饰品——各种各样纸制的橘黄色南瓜灯。你也可以用黑色的纸做出“可怕”的造型——一个骑着扫帚、头上戴着尖顶帽子的女巫飞过天空,或者是黑蝙蝠飞过月亮。这些都代表着恶运。当然你可以加入一些黑猫,那代表着运气更差。有时候会出现黑猫骑在女巫扫帚后面飞向天空的造型。

南瓜灯的传说

用南瓜雕制南瓜灯是万圣节的一个传统,其历史可追溯回爱尔兰。它是用雕刻成脸型,中间挖空,再插上蜡烛的南瓜做成的。传说有一个名叫杰克的爱尔兰人,因为他非常吝啬,所以死后不能进入天堂。因为他取笑魔鬼,所以也不能进入地狱,于是,他只能提着灯笼四处游荡,直到审判日那天。于是,杰克和南瓜灯便成了被诅咒的游魂的象征。为了在万圣节前夜吓走这些游魂,爱尔兰人便用芜菁、甜菜或马铃薯雕刻成可怕的面孔来代表提着灯笼的杰克,这就是南瓜灯的由来。爱尔兰人带着传统迁到美国后,便开始用南瓜来进行雕刻,因为在美国的秋天,南瓜比芜菁更充足。

 

 

 

 

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