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Kilimanjaro: The Mountain That 1)Glitters
Youth -- 1610
Kilimanjaro: The Mountain That 1)Glitters

闪闪发光的乞力马扎罗山

听力难度  2

英式发音     适合泛听

语速:100单词/分钟

 

By NHK

翻译:丁一

 

听力指南针

       这篇文章的录音语速偏慢,接近慢速英语的语速,发音非常清晰。难得的是文章中还有各种语法结构:动名词结构、现在分词结构、过去分词结构、倒装句、定语从句和状语从句。因此,这是练习听懂各式复杂句子,提高听力水平的好机会。建议读者先不看文字听两遍音频,然后通读文章,接着再听音频,最后才对照文字听音频,这样会对听力的提高很有帮助。

 

       提起乞力马扎罗山,你会想起什么呢?到大自然邂逅野生动物的东非游猎之旅,还是海明威笔下的《乞力马扎罗的雪》?如果它对你来说是陌生的,那就跟随我们的介绍一起去了解一下这座非洲人心目中的神山吧。

 

Standing 5,895 metres above sea level, Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa. The only time in which the entire mountain is visible is in the clear morning air. The gentle 2)slopes of the mountain 3)extend as far as the eye can see, 4)dominating the surrounding landscape.

Mount Kilimanjaro was born as a result of a series of volcanic eruptions approximately 750,000 years ago. Since there were three separate eruptions, the mountain has three main volcanic peaks, Shira, Mawenzi and Kibo.

Within the 5)circumference of 250 kilometres, the mountain contains various 6)ecological environments. This cloud-piercing mountain 7)drastically impacted the surrounding environment. The foot of the mountain is fully covered in thick 8)tropical forests. Wet winds, blown in from the Indian Ocean, hit the foot of the mountain, causing as much as 2,000 millimetres of rain a year in that region. This high 9)precipitation provides 10)moisture to the dry soil, thereby 11)nurturing the tropical forests. The size of the forest 12)encircling the mountain like a giant 13)doughnut covers an area of 930 km2. This rich forest is an 14)oasis for birds and animals. More than 140 species of mammals and 170 species of birds have been confirmed as living in the Kilimanjaro area.

The large peak, which is two kilometres in 15)diameter, looks down on the sea of clouds. The average temperature at the peak is -2°C. In spite of being so close to the equator, because of the year-round snowfall, there is a 16)permanent layer of snow on the mountaintop, which turned into a giant glacier a long time ago.

The height of the glacier wall is 30 metres at its tallest. The drop of these ice 17)cliffs is thought to have formed when air that was warmed by the heat of the 18)crater 19)eroded the ice. The glacier on the 20)bare mountain peak 21)glistens a brilliant white 22)sheen in the sunshine. Mixed in with the sound of the wind, is the sound of ice swelling in the heat of the sun.

Kilimanjaro means “the mountain that glitters” in 23)Swahili. This cloud-piercing mountain holds within its great 24)embrace all manners of spectacular scenery, from tropical rainforests to 25)sparkling glaciers.

 

 

CY百科

Swahili希瓦希里语:属于班图语支,它和阿拉伯语及豪萨语并列非洲三大语言,使用者多达五千多万人,是非洲使用人数最多的语言之一。斯瓦希里语是坦桑尼亚、肯尼亚、乌干达的官方语言,刚果民主共和国的国家语言之一,同时在赞比亚、马拉维、布隆迪、卢旺达、索马里、莫桑比克等东非和中非的国家,斯瓦希里语被作为交际语言使用。

 

 

参考译文

海拔5895米高的乞力马扎罗山是非洲最高的山。只有在空气清新的晴朗早上,人们才能将整座山一览无遗。平缓的山坡延伸至视野的尽头,俯视着周围地区。

乞力马扎罗山是大约75万年前一连串火山爆发的产物,因为有三处不同的火山爆发,这座山也就形成了三座主要的火山山峰:希拉峰、马文济峰和基博峰。

250公里的范围里,这座山有着多种多样的生态环境。这座高耸入云的大山对周围的环境有着重大的影响。山脚完全被茂密的热带雨林覆盖,来自印度洋的潮湿海风吹至山脚,每年为该地区带来2000毫米的雨水。如此高的降雨量为干燥的土壤提供了湿气,养育着这里的热带森林。像一个巨大的面包圈般环绕着大山的森林面积达930平方公里。这片茂密的雨林是鸟类和动物的天堂,人们已经确定有超过140种哺乳动物和190种鸟类在乞力马扎罗山地区栖息的。

直径达两公里的大山峰俯瞰云海,峰顶的平均温度是零下2摄氏度。这里虽然离赤道非常近,但因为一年到头都下着雪,所以冰雪终年覆盖山顶,并且在很久之前就化作了巨大的冰川。

冰川墙最高处达30米。当年,从火山口喷出的热气让周围的空气升温,慢慢融化山顶的冰雪,形成了冰川上这些陡峭的垂直落差。在光秃秃的山峰上,冰川在阳光的照射下映出白色的光芒。与山风一起和唱的,还有冰雪在太阳下融化时膨胀的声音。

乞力马扎罗山在斯瓦希利语里是“灿烂发光的山”的意思。这座矗立挺拔的高山张开怀抱,欣然拥抱着从热带雨林到闪亮冰川等各式各样的壮丽景色。

 

 

 

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