map

设为首页  |  加入收藏
   公司概况

 


扫一扫,关注我们
微信公众号
微信服务号
美文推荐 小学版 初中版 高中版 全部

The Busy Autumn in Iberia
Youth -- 1710
 

The Busy Autumn in Iberia

伊比利亚半岛上的秋天

 

By Sabine Holzer

翻译:丁一

 

英式发音     适合精听

听力难度2  Track??

语速:110/分钟

 

       秋天是收获的季节,也是严冬到来之前的宝贵时光,自然界的各种动植物在这个时节都异常繁忙。我们一起到伊比利亚半岛的多尼亚纳湿地公园看看吧。

 

写作指南针

       本文讲述的是季节性很强的事,因而有不少关于时间的表达。除了我们常见的when外,作者采用了不同的时间表达方式,如:only open at…Soon people here will be celebrating All Saint’s Day, the first of Novemberduringcoincide等,建议同学们多留意、勤积累,在写作时学以致用。

 

Donana, it’s in the southwestern corner of Europe. A wetland like no other anywhere else in the world, it’s full of life. 1)Marshes, pine forests and sand.

Some flowers only open at this time of year in October. This species 2)sprouts from a 3)bulb that can only be found in Iberia. It’s popularly known in Spain as the quitameriendas or snack 4)suppressor, because it 5)emerges when the days are growing shorter and there’s less time between lunch and dinner. So it blooms when there’s no longer time to have a mid-afternoon snack. There’s always some insect ready to 6)savour some 7)nectar and in exchange, 8)fertilise each season’s flowers. But autumn’s flowers are few and that’s why so much life gathers around them. What’s more, they don’t last long. Time is working against them and in favour of the cold.

Soon people here will be celebrating All Saint’s Day, the first of November. The season’s first freeze will kill off the 9)preying 10)mantises that were born last spring. At the end of their lives when death is near is when this mantis can behave in the most extreme ways. Like eating the male during 11)copulation or fighting another female. Two females have coincided on the same prime spot from where they wanted to release their 12)pheromones to call out to any male that might still survive. But more than a fight over 13)territory, this is going to be a fight 14)fuelled by hunger. There’s little food left in the 15)ecosystem. The mantises may be the only insects that are still active. So the body of one of their 16)peers may provide the last available proteins to lay one more 17)batch of eggs. Yes, mantis can be 18)cannibals.

 

见招拆招

The season’s first freeze will kill off the preying mantises that were born last spring.

       Last yearlast monthlast weeklast night……形容词last在修饰时间名词的时候,中国学生都习惯将它理解为相对于目前所处时间段而言的上一个时间段,于是不管我们在一年中的什么时候,last springlast June也就常常被误解成“去年春天”和“去年六月”。其实,last的原意是指“刚刚过去的,最近的”(just past, most recent),所以如果我们身处十月,last spring就是指今年春天(刚刚过去的春天),而last June则指今年六月(刚刚过去的六月),这是我们在阅读时要特别注意的一点。

 

参考译文

位于欧洲西南角的多尼亚纳是世界上独一无二的湿地,到处一片生机盎然,这里有沼泽、松林和沙地等地理及生态体系。

有些花只在十月盛开。这个从球茎发芽的品种只生长在伊比利亚半岛,西班牙人大多称之为秋水仙,又名“小食遏制者”。因为它在白昼渐短、午餐与晚饭间隔变短的时节开花。也就是说,在它开花的那些日子里,人们连下午的餐间点心也没有时间享用。但在自然界,总有一些昆虫乐于在此时采蜜,而作为回报,它们会给每个季节的花卉授粉。不过,秋天绽放的花并不多,因此它们的周围热闹非凡,而且它们的生命很短暂。时间于它们不利,因为寒冬将至。

很快便是人们庆祝111万圣节的日子。这个季节的第一次严寒会冻死今年春天才降生的所有捕食螳螂。生命将尽时,螳螂的行为极端异常,如雌螳螂在交配时会把雄性吃掉,或与其他雌性打斗。这里是雌螳螂释放信息素以吸引仍然活着的雄性的绝佳地点,有两只在此狭路相逢。然而,它们并非旨在争夺地盘,而是为饥饿而战。它们身处的生态系统已经没剩下多少食物了,螳螂可能是为数不多,依然活跃的昆虫之一,因而同类的身体可以提供仅剩的蛋白质,让它们多产些卵。是的,螳螂也可以同类相食。

 

 

 

 

广州主语文化传播发展有限公司 -- 疯狂英语杂志社
粤ICP备15038222号