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The Lady with the Lamp
Teens -- 1707
 

    大家知道吗?我们如今在医院所享受到的全面细致的护理其实并非一直都存在的。这一切,都要从一位善良的女士说起……

 

The Lady with the Lamp

提灯女神南丁格尔

from British Council

翻译:寒星

文字难度:2

 

Florence Nightingale was a nurse who saved many lives in the 19th century. She was named after the city of Florence in Italy, where her parents went after they got married in 1818. Her family was rich and they had two homes in Britain.

Florence was an 1)unusual young woman for her time, because she didn’t want to go to parties and get married. She wanted to be a nurse and help people. Her family didn’t want her to become a nurse because hospitals back then were dirty, horrible places.

In 1851, Florence went to Germany and learned all about nursing. It was hard work, but she loved it.

In 1854, lots of British soldiers went to fight in the Crimean War. Army hospitals were filled with injured men, but there were no nurses and many men died. Florence and a team of nurses went to help.

Florence worked 20 hours a day to make the hospital a cleaner and safer place. She brought fresh food, she cleaned the beds and she used clean 2)bandages on the 3)wounded soldiers. Soon, fewer men were dying.

At night, Florence talked to the injured soldiers and helped them to write letters to their families. They called her “the lady with the 4)lamp” because she carried a lamp.

When Florence returned to England, people called her a 5)heroine. Queen Victoria wrote her a letter to say thanks. She was given the Order of Merit, becoming the first woman to receive this honor.

 

弗洛伦斯•南丁格尔是一名护士,她在19世纪挽救了许多生命。她以意大利城市佛罗伦萨为名——她的父母在1818年结婚之后便迁到了这座城市。弗洛伦斯家境富裕,在英国拥有两所房子。

然而,弗洛伦斯在那个时代是一个不寻常的年轻女子,因为她并不喜欢参加派对,也不愿结婚成家。她一心想成为一名护士,帮助他人。可弗洛伦斯的家人并不希望她当护士,因为当时的医院是个卫生条件恶劣又可怕的地方。

1851年,弗洛伦斯前往德国全面学习护理知识。虽然求学之路非常艰辛,但她十分热爱这份事业。

1854年,许多英国士兵参加克里米亚战争。军队医院里满是受伤的士兵,但却没有一个护士,许多人因无人护理而死去。弗洛伦斯和一个护士团队向医院伸出了援助之手。

那时弗洛伦斯每天工作20小时,努力让医院变得更加干净、安全。她带来新鲜的食物、清理病床、用干净的绷带为受伤的士兵们包扎。不久,伤员的死亡率下降了。

夜晚,弗洛伦斯会和受伤的士兵们聊天,帮助他们给家人写信。士兵们都称她为“提灯女神”,因为她总是提着一盏灯。

当弗洛伦斯回到英格兰时,人们都称她为女英雄。维多利亚女王亲自写信向她表达谢意。她被授予功绩勋章,成为第一位获此殊荣的女性。

 

 

词组加油站

be filled with 被……充满

 

Know More

Crimean War克里米亚战争),在18531020日因争夺巴尔干半岛的控制权而在欧洲大陆爆发的一场战争,是拿破仑帝国崩溃以后规模最大的一次国际战争。奥斯曼帝国、英国、法国、撒丁王国等先后向俄罗斯帝国宣战,战争一直持续到1856年才结束,以俄国的失败而告终。

Order of Merit(英国功绩勋章),一种英国和英联邦勋章,由英国君主所颁赠。勋章于1902年由英皇爱德华七世所创设,以嘉奖在军事、科学、艺术、文学或推广文化方面有显著成就的人士。功绩勋章是一项很高的荣誉,虽然它有别于传统的勋章,并不附带任何头衔,但不少人仍认为它是现今地位最崇高且尚未被废除的勋章。

 

 

 

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