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Green Rooftops Are More than Just Gardens in the S
Youth -- 1704
 

Green Rooftops Are More than Just Gardens in the Sky

屋顶花园:哥本哈根的亮丽风景

 

By Helen Palmer

翻译:Wendy

 

英式发音     适合泛听

听力难度3  Track10

语速:170/分钟

 

屋顶绿化和屋顶花园被认为是城市发展中最具可持续发展特色、最能适应气候变化的手段之一。国内有不少城市开始建设屋顶花园,但基本上都是小打小闹,不成气候。而在被誉为世界“最适宜居住城市”的丹麦首都哥本哈根,屋顶花园早已成为一种潮流。在世界地球日到来之际,让我们一起去看看哥本哈根屋顶的亮丽风景吧。

 

The windy port of Copenhagen is truly the greenest of “green” cities. 1)Beyond the busy harbour and the statue of The Little Mermaid, 2)massive 3)windmills in the ocean and Christianshavn 4)spin in the 5)brisk wind. A brand new bike path loops and 6)sweeps at 3rd floor level between banks and businesses to link the 7)inner harbour through a series of parks and gardens on the rooftops to the railway station. After all, it’s a city where just about everybody rides bicycles.

Green roofs have been 8)mandatory on suitable new buildings in Copenhagen since 2010.

Dorthe Rømø (Planning Consultant): We are aware of [sic] that we will have more 9)intensive rains and more rain in general, and due to that, we know that green roofs and green area can absorb, 10)infiltrate, 11)evaporate and 12)delay the rain water.

Reporter: Now we’re standing here, actually, on one of your green roofs.

Dorthe: Yeah. We are pretty close to the inner harbour, and we are in the middle of a green botanical 13)corridor. We are on the new Danish National 14)Archive, and the unique [sic] about this is that it’s one 15)amongst other green roofs that’s connected and accessible for the public to walk from one area in the city to another area in the city, and you can, in fact, also take a bicycle and cycle from one area to another area.

Reporter: So it’s basically like a system of parks, as it were, on top of roofs.

Dorthe: Exactly. And this green roof, which is one of my 16)favourite [sic] here in Copenhagen, is, it’s an 17)option for you to sit on benches surrounded with strawberry beds, which is designed to create silent gardens alongside the whole project.

Reporter: The rooftop of the National Archives is about the size of a football field, but it looks for all the world like a 18)meadow. It’s a system that’s been developed over years to work really well, and now the meadow and flower beds are 19)thriving.

Dorthe: It create [sic] the opportunity to create habitats to support a bio-diversity, butterflies and bees and birds and 20)invertebrates like that, but also diversity of plants.

It’s peaceful walking on the roof. In one corner, there’s a group of office workers having a barbeque. Further along, the 21)ramps that lead down to street level are a 22)magnet for local skateboarders.

And there are these 23)oases of green, not only on houses, hotels and city buildings, but also on parking 24)garages and even on bicycle and storage 28)sheds. Right at the harbour, the roof of a development of shops and cafés is covered with flower beds, benches and walkways, but no gutters because a three-foot-wide bed of 26)sedum along the edge takes up all the rain. And, in the end, maybe that’s the message: a green city with green roofs can 27)blunt some effects of global warming by 28)soaking up excess rain and sucking up excess carbon, and certainly by cheering up the people who live there and visit.

 

见招拆招

And, in the end, maybe that’s the message: a green city with green roofs can blunt some effects of global warming by soaking up excess rain and sucking up excess carbon, and certainly by cheering up the people who live there and visit.

       这个长句有三个动名词短语(soaking upsucking upcheering up),它们都是介词by的宾语,这三个介词结构在句中作状语。一连三个介词结构的使用很好地总结了全文,给读者留下一个深刻的印象。

 

参考译文

多风的港口城市哥本哈根真正称得上是最绿的“绿色”城市。在离繁忙的港口及美人鱼雕像很远的地方,耸立在海上和克里斯蒂安港的巨大风车在清爽的寒风中旋转。一条三层楼高的崭新自行车道在堤岸与商业大楼之间穿过,将内港的多个屋顶公园及屋顶花园连接起来,蜿蜒伸展,一直通往火车站。毕竟,这是一个几乎人人都骑自行车的城市。

2010年起,哥本哈根就硬性规定:凡是条件适合的新建筑物,都要建设绿色屋顶。

多尔特·雷蒙(策划顾问)我们知道这里将会有更多的强降雨,总的来说降雨量会增加,基于这个原因,我们意识到绿色屋顶及绿地可以吸收雨水,让其渗透、蒸发,并延缓雨水径流的完成。

记者:现在我们所站的地方,其实就是你们这里的一个绿色屋顶。

多尔特:是的,这里离内港很近,我们身处一条绿色植物走廊的中间。我们站在新丹麦国家档案馆的屋顶上,它的独特之处在于,这里既是众多绿色屋顶中的一个,又可以和其他绿色屋顶相连相通,人们可以从城市的一个区域走到另一个区域,事实上,你还可以骑自行车从一个区域到另一个区域。

记者:所以这基本上就是建在屋顶上的一系列公园。

多尔特:说得对。我们所在的这个地方是我在哥本哈根最喜欢的绿色屋顶之一,因为你还可以坐在被草莓圃环绕的长椅上休息,这种设计是要为整个绿色屋顶工程打造一批无声花园。

国家档案馆的屋顶大约有一个足球场那么大,但它看上去就像是一片草地。这些年来,这里已经形成一个运转良好的系统,现在这片草地及花坛一派欣欣向荣的景象。

多尔特:这些绿色屋顶为蝴蝶、蜜蜂、鸟类和无脊椎动物等提供了栖息地,对生物多样性以及植物多样性的形成都很有帮助。

在屋顶漫步让人心境平和。在一个角落里,有一群白领在烧烤;远处,通向地面的坡道吸引着当地的滑板爱好者。

 这样的绿洲不仅在住宅楼、旅店和城市公共建筑的屋顶上有,在停车场上,甚至单车棚及仓库棚顶上也有。就在港口,有一片包含各种商店及咖啡厅的新建筑群,它的屋顶上有花圃、长椅及走道,就是没有排水沟,因为沿着屋顶边缘有一条三英尺(约91厘米)宽的景天花坛,可以收集全部雨水。说到底,它要传达的正是这样一种理念:一个有绿色屋顶的绿色城市可以通过吸收过量的雨水及过量的二氧化碳,缓和全球变暖的影响,当然也会给当地居民及游客带来愉悦的好心情。

 

 

 

 

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